A metal ring, usually on a back tooth, that is cemented to a tooth for strength and anchorage. The band is the base of treatment and secures wires and other necessary appliances during orthodontic treatment.


The connection between the top and bottom teeth. Each tooth should meet its opposite tooth in a way that facilitates biting, chewing, and speaking. Having a bad bite is called malocclusion. In orthodontic treatment, the goal is to create a healthy bite (the ability to bite, chew, and speak). It creates a pleasing appearance when teeth and jaws are positioned properly.

BlueGrass Appliance

Used to help in the correction of a tongue thrust. Helps the patient retrain the tongue when swallowing, and can help correct an open bite.

Board-Certified Orthodontist

An orthodontist who has completed the specialty certification examinations of the American Board of Orthodontics. Board-certified orthodontic specialists are known as Diplomates of the American Board of Orthodontics. The American Dental Association recognizes the American Board of Orthodontics as the only orthodontic specialty certification board. Orthodontists are not required to become board certified.


It is a term used to describe a fixed orthodontic appliance, which usually includes brackets, bands, and wires. The most commonly used braces are metal braces, but some orthodontists also use ceramic braces, which are more aesthetically pleasing for some patients.


Attachment made of metal, ceramic, or plastic bonded to the tooth with tooth-colored adhesive. Brackets have slots for orthodontic wires.


A term used to describe the cheek side of the back teeth in the upper and lower jaw.

Buccal Tube

A metal attachment on the cheek side of the band on the molar which looks like a tube. An orthodontist may use the tube to hold an archwire, lip bumper, headgear facebow, or other orthodontic appliance.