A side view x-ray of the head. Orthodontists typically use ceph X-rays to diagnose developmental concerns involving the head, neck, and jaw that may interfere with proper facial and oral development. They are useful in diagnosing TMJ issues.
To hold the archwire in place and close the space between teeth, a series of elastic o-rings is connected together and placed around each bracket.
Class I Malocclusion
A malocclusion in which the back molars are aligned properly, but the front teeth are crowded together, spaced apart, or there may be an open bite, a posterior crossbite, or an anterior crossbite.
Class II Malocclusion
A malocclusion where the upper front teeth are protruding, or the lower teeth and/or jaw is positioned back relative to the upper teeth and/or jaw. This is commonly referred to as an overbite.
Class III Malocclusion
A malocclusion where the lower teeth and/or jaw is positioned ahead relative to the upper teeth and/or jaw. This is commonly referred to as an underbite.
Closed Bite/Deep Bite
Also known as deep overbite, this occurs when the upper front teeth overlap the bottom front teeth an excessive amount. The top front teeth will typically cover 80% or more of the front teeth in a patient who has a deep bite.
Correcting a malocclusion through complete orthodontic treatment.
Congenitally Missing Teeth
The absence of permanent teeth due to a genetic condition. The most common congenitally missing teeth are wisdom teeth, upper lateral incisors (teeth next to your front center teeth) and premolars.
A crossbite occurs when upper back teeth erupt and contact either the inside or outside of the lower back teeth. The lower front teeth are in crossbite if they erupt in front of the upper front teeth. An individual tooth or group of teeth can be affected by a crossbite.